What are some outside references Kubrick refers to in the film [intentionally or otherwise]?

                              LITERARY

Anonymous:  THE OLD TESTAMENT
            THE NEW TESTAMENT

Nietzsche:  THUS SPOKE ZARATHUSTRA

Dante:      THE DIVINE COMEDY

Shelley:    FRANKENSTEIN

Stevenson:  DR. JEKYLL AND MR. HYDE

Wagner:     THE RING

Campbell:   THE HERO WITH A THOUSAND FACES (Kubrick reportedly gave a          
                                            copy of this to Clarke to
                                            read [P.B., p. 77])

Myths:      THESEUS AND THE MINOTAUR    
            DAVID VS. GOLIATH   
            ANTAEUS
            ACHILLES' HEEL
            ULYSSES (AND THE SIRENS)
            GARDEN OF EDEN
            CRUCIFIXION AND RESURRECTION

                              MUSICAL

Strauss, Richard:      THUS SPAKE ZARATHUSTRA  (opening/end)
Ligeti, Gyorgy:        ATMOSPHERES             (monolith)  
                       LUX AETERNA                       
                       REQUIEM 
Strauss, Johann:       THE BLUE DANUBE         (space station)
Khatchaturian, Aram:   GAYANE BALLET SUITE     (inside space station)

                             [Detailed]

Title Music: "Daybreak" movement, "Also Sprach Zarathustra", Opus 30, 
Richard Strauss [The MGM soundtrack album uses a different recording 
than that used in the film, I think; the one on the soundtrack album is 
by Karl Boehm and the Berlin Philharmonic, available on DG {BTW, the 
late Maestro Boehm was a personal friend of R. Strauss, and this was his 
and the Berlin Philharmonic's first stereo recording, in 1958}].

Monolith at ape-site: the "Kyrie" from "Requiem for Soprano, Mezzo-
soprano, 2 mixed choirs, and Orchestra", Gyorgi Ligeti. Deutsche 
Grammaphon recording, Bavarian Radio Symphony, Francis Travis 
conducting.

Moonwatcher discovers tool: reprise: "Daybreak" from "Zarathustra"

Matchcut to bone (after killing other ape) and spaceflight: "Die Blaue 
Danube", Johann Strauss. DG recording, Berlin Philharmonic, Herbert von 
Karajan, conductor.

Journey across the lunar surface to TMA-1: "Lux Aeterna", Ligeti. DG 
recording, Stuttgart Schola Cantorum, Clytus Gottwald, choirmaster.

(I think when the autronauts reach TMA-1 there is a reprise of the 
Kyrie)

Jupiter Mission: Adagio (Solo) from the ballet "Gayane", Aram 
Khachaturian. DG recording, Leningrad Philharmonic, Gennady 
Rozhdestvensky, conductor.

'Jupiter space' & Monolith: reprise: Ligeti's "Kyrie"

Stargate: "Atmospheres", Gyorgi Ligeti. DG recording, Sudwestfunk (South 
German Radio) Orchestra, Ernest Bour, conductor.

Hotel Sequence: sampled and modified version of "Atmospheres" (Ligeti 
sued Kubrick for copyright and won).

Starchild: reprise, "Daybreak" from "Zarathustra"

End title music: reprise: final portion of "The Blue Danube".

Kubrick selected the music himself from his own record collection. As 
with all his later films, most of the classical music used in his films 
(including almost all the soundtrack for The Shining [Bartok's "Music 
for Strings, Percussion, and Celesta", Berlin Philharmonic, Herbert von 
Karajan]) is licensed from Deutsche Grammaphon, And available on disc or 
CD.
                                                                 (G.A)

                           SOCIO/POLITICAL

                                 HAL
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